Isaiah Lesson 1 (Introduction)

Isaiah Lesson 1 (Introduction)
Isaiah Lesson 2 (1:2-31)
Isaiah Lesson 3 (2:1-4:6)
Isaiah Lesson 4 (5:1-30)
Isaiah Lesson 5 (6:1-13)
Isaiah Lesson 6 (7:1-8:18)
Isaiah Lesson 7 (8:19-10:4)
Isaiah Lesson 8 (10:5-34)
Isaiah Lesson 9 (11-12)
Isaiah Lesson 10 (13-14)
Isaiah Lesson 11 (15-23)
Isaiah Lesson 12 (24)
Isaiah Lesson 13 (25-27)
Isaiah Lesson 14 (28-33)
Isaiah Lesson 15 (34-35)
Isaiah Lesson 16 (36-39)
Isaiah Lesson 17 (40:1-11)
Isaiah Lesson 18 (40:12-31)
Isaiah Lesson 19 (41)
Isaiah Lesson 20 (42:1-44:23)
Isaiah Lesson 21 (44:24-45:25)
Isaiah Lesson 22 (46-48)
Isaiah Lesson 23 (49)
Isaiah Lesson 24 (50:1-52:12)
Isaiah Lesson 25 (52:13-53:12)
Isaiah Lesson 26 (54-57)
Isaiah Lesson 27 (58-59)
Isaiah Lesson 28 (60)
Isaiah Lesson 29 (61-64)
Isaiah Lesson 30 (65-66)

Lesson 1

Introduction of the Book Isaiah



I. Isaiah: Biblical Context.

II. Isaiah: Historical Context

III. Isaiah: The Prophet.

IV. Isaiah: The Man.


What are your names? Everyone has name. But sometimes we do not know the meaning of our names. In the bible, especially in the old testament, the names have important meanings. The names tell us some messages. For example;

  • "Abram" means "high or exalted father". And his name was changed to be "Abraham" which means "a father of a multitude of nations".
  • "Isaac" means "laughter (i.e. mockery)". It came from that his mum laughed when she heard that she would bear a son.
  • "Jacob" means "he takes by the heel or he cheats". And from his story we can find that he was deceiver in many ways. And his name was changed by God to be "Israel", meaning "he strives with God".
  • "Naomi" means "pleasant". But when she came back, she told others to call her "Mara", meaning "bitter", because she grieved.
  • "Isaiah" means "The LORD is Salvation". As he introduces himself, he tells us that "The LORD is Salvation". He knew God, the Lord that saves and brings salvation.

I. Isaiah: Biblical Context.

Some read the name "ahy-zey-uhor, while others "ahy-zahy-uh". However, it does not matter how you read it.

The old testament is divided in to 4 parts:

  1. The Pentateuch. It consists of the first five books written by Moses.
  2. The Historical Books. It consists of the books from Joshua to Esther
  3. The Poetic Books. It consists of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon.
  4. The Book of Prophets. Actually there are 16 prophets who wrote the books in this group. Isaiah is the first book, because it clearly shows us about the person of Jesus Christ.

The book of Isaiah contains 66 chapters; 47 are mentioned by Jesus Christ and his disciples in the new testament.

One interesting point is its structure. It has 66 chapters, as the bible contains 66 books. And the chapters can be divided into 2 major parts, the first 39 chapters and the other 27 chapters, just like that the bible is divided into the old and new testaments, which have 39 and 27 books, respectively.

The book of Isaiah has 2 major themes.

  • The first part (chapters 1-39): the theme of "God's Holiness". They talk about warning of judgment or condemnation from God.
  • The second part (chapters 40-66): The theme of "God who saves or God who redeems". They demonstrate primarily about resurrection, restoration, consolation, comfort, and hope.


  • The Word of God is Reliable and Eternal with a Message of HOPE for today.

The word of God lasts forever. Who does not like the message of hope, esp. in the time of needs or tribulations? You will see the message of Hope in this book. If you are finding hope, here is your right place. God is solid. He is the Rock that we can rely on.

II. Isaiah: Historical Context

This book was written in the time at the mid-point between the time of David and Solomon (1011-931 B.C.) and the destruction of Jerusalem (586 B.C.). That was a happy time of Israel then. However, the prosperity caused people to turn away from God, because money and power became their God.

Politically and economically, that was really good time. Uzziah conquered enemies and built the trade routes. He also fortified the wall around Jerusalem for the safety of Judah. But there were problems as well. There were 2 warning signs

  1. Internal sign: The morals of Judah were low. They lost their hearts from the worship of God
  2. External sign: The Assyrian power was growing.

The prophet Isaiah was not the only prophet speaking in that time. He was primarily speaking to Judah, while Amos and Hosea were speaking to the Northern Kingdom, and Jonah to Nineveh.

The messages from these prophets were simple: "Listen, take heed and respond to what God has said". The aim was to save a remnant and to bring them back to restoration and renewal.

What are the warning signs in our own countries? There are a lot. There may be God's judgments. Are you a part of the problems or a part of the solutions? What would do you do to help correct the problems? Perhaps, you know well, or you may not know it.

III. Isaiah: The Prophet.

The words "priest" and "prophet" have a little bit differences. Priest's primary function is to represent "men to God", while the prophet's is to represent "God to men". We can see the difference in the role of Aaron the priest and Moses the prophet.

"The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah." (Isaiah 1:1 ESV)

The prophet Isaiah had a vision. He received special revelation. There are places in this book which are quoted or directly spoken by God Himself. However he was not the only one who saw the vision in the bible. God appeared to Abraham and gave him promises, and appeared to Moses as a burning bush. Joseph saw God in the dream, and John saw the vision and wrote the book of revelation. Jesus Christ appeared to Paul directly.

What about today? God is still working and there are still many believers having received the special revelation, but our vision is primarily from the Bible. We can see the vision of God through this book.

Isaiah's message was primarily to Judah.

Some kings in the time of Isaiah are good while others are not. They are consisting of:

  • Uzziah. He started good but ended up badly.
  • Jotham. He was a good king, but did not break down the high places in Judah.
  • Ahaz. He was terrible. He trusted in human rather than God.
  • Hezekiah. He started good. He brought renewal to the country. However, he ended not good because of his pride.


  • God Has A Vision for Every Believer and Every Nation

What kind of vision does He have for you? How he want you to serve Him? What does he want you to do for Him? He has a vision for you since he created you in the mother's womb. Ask God for that vision. Perhaps God may show you the vision.

IV. Isaiah: The Man

Amoz was his father.

Isaiah was probably a close relative of Uzziah. He had an inside tract to the royalty.

He was the man of God. There is no doubt of that.

He was obedient to God. His love demonstrates through obedience, commitment, and dedication, not because of what he said.

He was humble. He knew who he was and who God was.

"And I said: 'Woe is me! For I am lost; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts!' " (Isaiah 6:5 ESV)

He was a man of great faith. When he did not know the task God would give to him yet, he said "send me". He said when he even did not now how long the mission would be.

"And I heard the voice of the Lord saying, 'Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?' Then I said, 'Here am I! Send me.' " (Isaiah 6:8 ESV)

He was a man of uncompromising and unapologetic. He spoke the truth plainly and boldly, even when the listeners might not want to hear. At presence of king Hezekiah, he also prophesized directly even they were difficult to say. Why did he speak that way? The answer is that "he feared God more than he feared man.

He was a man of God's perspective. He knew that God's Word stood forever. He knew how small he was in the presence of God. Do we have right perspective of who we are?

​​​​​​​"The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God will stand forever." (Isaiah 40:8 ESV)

He was married with a prophetess and had two sons. And he named his sons:

  • Shear-jashub, meaning "a remnant shall return". This name means that a remnant of Israel will return to Yahweh
  • Maher-shalal-hash-baz, meaning "hasting to the spoil, hurrying to the prey". This name was given to Isaiah's son to signify the sharp destruction of Rezin and Pekah by the Assyrian power.

How did the prophet Isaiah finish his life? He was murdered. The story is not found in the bible, but from Jewish's vision. He was sawn in two in the trunk of a tree, when he was hidden in its hallow, by the hand of Manasseh. He was the hero of faith mentioned in Hebrews 11.

"... they were sawn in two ..." (Hebrew 11:37 ESV)


  • God Calls Individuals to Speak for Him.

God called the prophet Isaiah, and He also calls you as well.

What kind of man are you? Isaiah was the man of god, could that be you instead.

This is the high vision that He calls you to be His. And are you willing to follow? Are you willing to give all of your lives for Him? What is keeping you from being the man of God? I hope that you are in the tract to Him. Keep on it and He will transform your lives.

This book shows us to see the world through God's eyes. If you commit for the study of this book and pray, you will be changed for sure! It is a big deal.


Gary Walthall

BSF Foreign Resident Ambassador

Bible Study Fellowship: Isaiah Lesson 1


Summarized by Thirayost Nimmanon


NOTE:  If you find a mistake in my note, please contact me directly at (For it may be from my own mistake due to my poor English listening skill.)

หมายเหตุ: ถ้าพี่น้องพบว่ามีข้อความส่วนใดที่ผิดพลาด รบกวนช่วยแจ้งให้ผมทราบด้วยนะครับ เพื่อจะได้รีบทำการแก้ไขครับ เนื่องจากอาจเกิดจากความผิดพลาดในการสรุปของผมเองครับ ขอบคุณครับ


  • ถ้าท่านอ่านแล้ว มีความปรารถนาที่จะเปิดใจออก อธิษฐานทูลเชิญพระเยซูคริสต์เสด็จเข้ามาในชีวิตของท่าน และเป็นพระเจ้าของท่าน กรุณาไปที่หน้า คำอธิษฐาน

  • ถ้าคุณอ่านแล้วสนใจ กรุณาติดต่อคริสตจักรใกล้บ้านท่านได้เลยครับ หรือถ้าหากต้องการคำแนะนำเพิ่มเติม ก็ติดต่อโดยตรงได้ที่อีเมลของผมเลยครับ